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NCSU Extension Publication:AG-763W
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Cultural Considerations in Water Conservation

The following are cultural Best Management Practices (BMPs) for water conservation:

  • Maintain soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5
  • Minimize soil compaction through turf cultivation commonly called aeration
  • Control potentially serious insect and disease pest problems that feed or attack the root system
  • Maintain an adequate soil potassium (K) level based on soil test recommendations
  • Avoid excessive nitrogen (N) fertilization, especially of cool-season grasses; it forces shoot growth at the expense of root development
  • Avoid excessive thatch accumulation; thatch encourages root development only in the thatch/mat layer
  • Avoid intense mechanical maintenance practices, such as cultivation or vertical mowing during any stress periods